A question mark in a ball (datacurious logo)


Maritza Johnson
January 28, 2021

What’s a passive indicator?

An illustration from the point of view of a person with light skin driving a car down a road into the sunset. The usual signage on the road and dashboard are replaced with laptop and phone icons, like the battery symbol.

Passive indicators, aka status icons, give you information about your device so that you can check the status of things without an interruption. They communicate information using icons, color, and lights. Many are built into the main screen, and are always in the same spot. The defining characteristic is that they give you information when you look for it, so notifications and alerts are not passive indicators.

Check out this screenshot of a smartphone for some examples:

A screenshot of an unlocked iPhone, cropped to only show the icons at the top bar. The informational icons are labeled 1-5.

  1. What time is it? The main screen always shows the time.
  2. Is my location being collected? The location indicator tells you if your location is being used and depending on your phone might encode additional information about how it’s collected.
  3. Why is this video call breaking up? Check the strength of your cellular service: 1-4 bars to indicate the strength of your connection.
  4. Am I on the WiFi? Check the WiFi icon. Connected and not connected, and also strength: 1-4 bars to indicate the strength of your connection.
  5. How much battery do I have left? A battery shaped icon to indicate battery level from full to empty.

Relevant to our quest to know more about data and how it’s used, it’s important to know about passive indicators related to security and privacy. On smartphones a location icon appears when an app requests the device’s location. On laptops with a built-in camera there’s usually an LED light that shines green when the camera is in use. And your web browser will show a padlock icon near the URL when the site you’re on is using encryption to deliver content and request input.

Take a few minutes to learn about the passive indicators, aka status icons, on devices you use regularly. Here’s a guide for Apple’s iOS and a guide for Google’s Android.

What do you want to know about data, privacy, or technology?

Data Curious is a public resource supported by Good Research LLC in collaboration with the Center for Digital Civil Society at University of San Diego.

To contact us, send us an email at hello@datacurious.org.

AboutPrivacy Policy